The main objective of this book is to provide state-of-the-art knowledge of recent developments in the understanding of plant response to abiotic stresses in a single volume. Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants contains nine sections; Signal transduction, Temperature stress, Oxidative stresses, Phytoremediation, Osmotic stresses, Ion homeostasis, Nutrition, Structural responses, and Genetic diversity and development of biotechnology. Contributions in each chapter are prepared by leading experts in the respective fields and mirror the advancement in the approach. This book contains important future tasks of the particular fields and supplies extensive bibliographies at the end of each chapter, as well as tables and figures that illustrate the research findings. Each chapter reflects how physiologists, biochemists and molecular biologists have caught up with the newer techniques to understand the basic problems of abiotic stress in plant species. All these make this book highly useful and a must read for students, researchers and professionals in botany, plant environmental stress studies, agriculture, plant physiology, cell biology and molecular biology, in both the academic and industrial sectors.