The main aim of this book is standardization of the procedure with stress on simplification and ease of performing the surgery. In oncology, the principles and steps of an operative procedure should remain the same; though the modality may change, be it either open surgery or laparoscopy. Thus, in this book the patient position and procedural steps are devised to mimic open surgery as far as possible. This makes it easier for the oesophageal surgeon performing surgeries by the open technique to get converted into a thoracoscopic laparoscopic surgeon. This atlas will be a step by step guide for a surgeon who wishes to perform laparoscopy with more than 500 operative photographs.

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