In this highly original account, Adam Stout demonstrates for the first time how a generation of determined and scientifically minded young archaeologists succeeded in creating the discipline of today. Creating Prehistory deals even–handedly and sympathetically with the creation of several different sorts of prehistory during the volatile period between the two World Wars. The author weaves a fascinating tale of the personalities and institutions involved in the development of archaeology and the marginalization of its competitors. He investigates the influence of the Diffusionists and their much–neglected pacifism, the controversial reappearance of the Druids at Stonehenge, and the sensational popularity of The Old Straight Track. This book is a must–read for anyone interested in today’s fascination with the prehistoric past.