Almost four decades of innovative and intensive research on Alzheimers disease (AD) have brought major advances in our understanding of its pathogenesis, improved tools for diagnosis, and strategies for its treatment. This research has helped build a solid foundation of knowledge in the neurosciences and biological basis of AD and AD-related neurological disorders. Scientific background and insightful hypotheses are of major relevance in order to approach to an effective therapy for this devastating disease. Current Hypotheses and Research Milestones in Alzheimer's Disease contains 20 seminal chapters by authors with varying views on the neuroanatomical, neuropathological, neuropsychological, neurological, and molecular aspects of AD. These chapters grew out of Current Hypothesis on Alzheimers Disease, held in Viña del Mar, Chile, in November of 2007. Participants included the worlds leading Alzheimers researchers, whose work has illuminated AD investigations during the past few decades. Students, academics and medical professionals will find this text an invaluable addition to the study of this important subject.