The notion of a European constitution has previously received unfavourable reactions within the European Union with controversy surrounding its political and legal implications. Criticism has largely revolved around the threat of an emerging European federal state. More recently, however, constitution-building has become a major point of debate among members of the European Community as the drafting of a European constitution becomes more imminent. European Constitutionalism Beyond the State brings together some of the most innovative scholars in the field to highlight different facets of the new constitutional discussion. Provoking deep analysis of the different ideas of constitution and constitutionalism, the book delineates alternative ways of thinking about the future of Europe. In particular, it aims to challenge the idea of the European Union as an evolving federal polity. This book will appeal to anyone interested in the timely subject of constitutionalism including students and practitioners of law, politics and philosophy.