With their tremendous resources and complex ecosystems, tropical forests are equally important to the environmental movement and the logging, mining, and oil industries. Although preserving biodiversity is a vital concern, development in the tropics is extremely important economically, both for developing and industrialized nations. This volume looks at new approaches to resource development that attempt to minimize its social and environmental impact. It collects numerous case studies from major international companies, development agencies, universities, and non-governmental organizations and looks closely at the long- and short-term effects of resource development. It will be an invaluable reference in this important and highly politicized debate.