Positioning theory is the study of the nature, formation, influence and ways of change of local systems of rights and duties as shared assumptions about them influence small scale interactions. Evolving from linguistics origins, the theory concerns conventions of speech and action that are labile, contestable, and ephemeral. With this theory, researchers are able to examine the dynamic flow of social interaction as well as give equal weight to the role of discourse and the psychological resolution of conflict. This volume applies positioning theory in order to achieve a fuller and more in-depth understanding of conflict and its psychological resolution. The editors approach positioning from the micro (interpersonal) level all the way to the macro (intergroup and international) level.