'The research in this book captures the highlight of a decade of effort on CLHLS study and represents an important milestone in our emerging understanding of how individuals can endeavor to live a long, healthy life and how societies can help them do so.' -- James W. Vaupel, Director of Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research and Professor of Duke University 'This volume will serve as a basic reference work both for Chinese studies and for comparative analyses.' -- Samuel Preston, Frederick Warren Professor of Demography, University of Pennsylvania 'From now on population aging in China and its social consequences, as well as individual lengthening of life and its health consequences will be carefully assessed in reference to the CLHLS. We dream to have such studies for the other large countries on the point of also experiencing similar demographic changes.' -- Jean-Marie Robine, Research Director at the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research and Professor of University of Montpellier China is aging at an extraordinary speed and has the largest quantity of elderly persons in the world. Scholars utilize this unprecedented living experience of human being and the unique Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) datasets with the aim to answer in this volume the following questions critical to the aging population worldwide. Is the period of disability compressing or expanding with increasing life expectancy and what factors are associated with these trends in the recent decades? Is it possible to realize morbidity compression with a prolongation of the life span in the future? The first section of the book presents the CLHLS projects study design, sample distribution, contents of data collected, and assessments of age reporting and data quality. The remaining chapters are grouped into sections dealing with the demographic, social, economic, familial andpsychological dimensions of healthy longevity. This volume contributes to the development of scientific knowledge related to the 'slowing down' of the pace of progression of morbidity with mortality declines at older ages. Research findings reported in this book are instrumental in the ultimate realization of the long-term dream of healthy longevity, that is, not only living longer, but living a healthier life.