Over the years, 'Orthopaedic Medicince Cyriax' has become a vast philosophy in medical practice. When we are confronted with soft tissue lesions of the locomotor system, our goal is to reach a useful diagnosis and start an efficient treatment plan. For this purpose, a detailed knowledge of OMCyriax is necessary. Part one of this series deals with the Examination and Diagnosis. Part two expands on the treatment using deep massage, mobilization, manipulation and traction.