This book presents a unique approach to the fundamentals of quantum transport, and is aimed at senior undergraduate and graduate students. Some of the most advanced concepts of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics are included and yet no prior acquaintance with quantum mechanics is assumed. Chapter 1 provides a description of quantum transport in elementary terms accessible to a beginner. The book then works its way from the hydrogen atom to nanostructures ending with a unified model for quantum transport along with illustrative examples showing how conductors evolve from the atomic to the ohmic regime (or from 'atom to transistor') as they get larger. Many numerical examples are used to provide concrete illustrations and the corresponding MATLAB codes are provided in the book. These codes, along with videostreamed lectures by the author, keyed to specific sections of the book, are available at the webpage for the book - under 'resources and solutions'.