This book analyzes real options valuation for non-constant versus constant interest rates using simulations and historical backtesting. It provides a systematic analysis and compares real options valuation using constant interest rates and the implied forward rates with methods that simulate interest rates stochastically. Real options are combined with various pricing tools and stochastic term structure models like the Vasicek, Cox-Ingersoll-Ross, Ho-Lee, and Hull-White one-factor and two-factor models. All necessary theory is provided in the book. All results are explained in detail and rules are derived for application in Corporate Finance practice. The major change in this second edition is the expanded number of tested scenarios. The second edition contains an expanded number of tested scenarios covering the time period of the financial crisis 2008, one of the worst stock market crashes in history. The findings confirm the results provided in the first edition.