One of the main challenges facing the chemical industry is the transition to sustainable operations. Industries are taking initiatives to reduce resource intensities or footprints, and by adopting safer materials and processes. Such efforts need to be supported by techniques that can quantify the broad economic and environmental implications of industrial operations, retrofit options and provide new design alternatives.This contemporary overview focuses on cradle-to-grave life cycle assessments of existing or conceptual processes for producing value added fuels, chemicals, and/or materials from renewable agricultural residues, plant-derived starches and oils, lignocellulosic biomass, and plant-based industrial processing wastes.It presents the key concepts, systems, and technologies, with an emphasis on new feedstocks for the chemical industry. Each chapter uses common themes of specific raw materials, thus forming a natural progression throughout the book. The result is coverage from a wide range of perspectives, emphasizing not only the technical issues but also considering the market place and socio-economic aspects.Watch an interview with Roland Ulber on ChemistryViews. He tells us to what extent raw materials are changing the industry, what his no. 1 piece of advice for anyone new entering the industry is, and more.