Riemannian Topology and Geometric Structures on Manifolds results from a similarly entitled conference held at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque. The various contributions to this volume discuss recent advances in the areas of positive sectional curvature, Kähler and Sasaki geometry, and their interrelation to mathematical physics, notably M and superstring theory. Focusing on these fundamental ideas, this collection presents articles with original results, and plausible problems of interest for future research. Contributors: C.P. Boyer, J. Cheeger, X. Dai, K. Galicki, P. Gauduchon, N. Hitchin, L. Katzarkov, J. Kollár, C. LeBrun, P. Rukimbira, S.R. Simanca, J. Sparks, C. van Coevering, and W. Ziller.